Jiva (Human and lower grade
living beings, the life principle)
Jiva means all un-evolved Spirits (i.e., living
beings) at human level, and all living beings below the human level.
Ishwara (Greater Beings)
progressive Greater Beings (i.e., the multitude of World3, World6, World12 and World24) are various living Ishwara grades. For example, Virat-Brahmaa is an Ishwara living on the level of World6
(i.e., Galaxy Level). As one evolves, one progressively attains the level of
consciousness, bliss and relative immortality (but not the size) of these Greater
Let us try
to understand how these Greater Beings are living Ishwaras by an allegory with the Human body. As evidenced by modern
science, the human body is constituted of innumerous independently living body cells.
They all live comfortably like we are living here. The physical mass of all of
them together form a living human body, but cells can not directly see Man as
we see ourselves. For the body’s cells a cross-section of human body is their
visible world. In the same way we all human beings and the entire organic life
constitute a living being, our Earth. The multitude of all known and unknown
planets constitute a living being, the Sun. Likewise the Milky Way and the
cross-section of the next higher cosmos is the visible world for the lower
cosmos. As like a human body cell can not see the living human body as we see
ourselves, we can not see the Earth as the living Earth sees itself, what we
see of the Earth is only a cross-section of its living body. And what we see as
Sun is but a cross-section of a cross-section of its living body.
verse of Chapter IV of the Bhagwad Geeta may be understood from this point of
view. In that verse Krishna says to Arjuna: “I taught this imperishable Yoga to Sun
(Vivasvat- a living being on the
level of World12); The Sun taught
it to Manu (a Greater Being, the Hindu law-giver); Manu told it to Ikshvaku.”
idea of the Jain Texts may be understood from this point of view, which says that
the current Jain Tirthankar, Simandhar Swami (not born on our Earth) is said to be
currently living on Maha-Videh-Chhetra
(on a certain higher cosmos) still having remaining life of thousands of human
beings have Gross body, a Subtle body and a Causal body. Ishwaras (Greater Beings) have (1) a Virata body, the enormously huge corresponding physical body; (2) a
Sutratma body, the corresponding subtle
body which binds the whole together, and an Avyakrut
body, the corresponding causal body. Further, Ishwaras have human-like
functions (thinking, feeling, moving, sensing, etc), have a life-span and are
subject to web of laws (Maya) of their own respective level, and need to
transcend it to evolve further. (Bhagwan
Shri Swaminarayan - Vachnamrit, Gadhda
Maya (Web of laws)
Maya means the whole web of eternal universal laws
governing the Universe and man, the entire complex web of Law of Three and Law
of Seven of different levels operating at various Worlds. As one goes below in the Ray of Creation, the density of Maya increases, that is, the web of laws
becomes more and more complex by the addition of more and more levels of laws.
For example, at the level of World3, Maya is least complex, as there exist
only three laws (i.e., the first level of ‘Law of Three’), but as one goes
below to the level of World6, Maya becomes more dense, as one new
level of Law of Three (i.e., the second level of ‘Law of Three’) is added in
the web of laws. Likewise, as it comes to the level of human being (humans are
part of World48) the web of law
becomes much much complex, that is Maya,
becomes much more dense.
AksharBrahm means the Absolute (i.e., Existence,
Non-existence, Manifest and Unmanifest, all taken together). As per verse 21 of
Chapter VIII of the Bhagwad Geeta, the imperishable AksharBrahm is eternal Home (ParamDham) of THE ALMIGHTY.
book Beelzebub’s Tales to His Grandson (hereinafter referred also as BT for the purpose of brevity), in Chapter 2, on page 52, G. I.
Gurdjieff referred to AksharBrahm as
“The Sun Absolute”, the fundamental place of THE ALMIGHTY’s dwelling.
ALMIGHTY, THE ALLAH)
ParamBrahm, THE ALMIGHTY, is the Entity, who initiates
Creation and Destruction, and is beyond Absolute (AksharBrahm). As per verse 18 of Chapter XV of the Bhagwad Geeta,
THE ALMIGHTY is beyond AksharBrahm
(the Absolute) and therefore HE is being called as ParamBrahm, Purushottam.
book Beelzebub’s Tales to His Grandson,
in Chapter 2, page 52, G. I. Gurdjieff refers to ParamBrahm as “THE LORD SOVEREIGN ENDLESSNESS”, and on page 54
referred to HIM as “THE MAKER CREATOR”.
Meaning of Anadi (un-created, ever-existing)
Let us try
to understand the meaning of Anadi by
an allegory. Suppose, if we destroy a ten storey building, then what would
remain there? The answer is, there will remain open space in place of that
destroyed building. If the entire city in which that building is situated is
somehow destroyed, then what would remain there? Again the answer is the open
space. Suppose, the entire Earth is somehow destroyed, then what would remain
in place of the destroyed Earth? Again the answer is the space. Now suppose, if
the Sun, the Milky Way, all other known and unknown galaxies, and the entire
Universe is somehow destroyed, then what will remain there? Again the answer is
the space. This fundamental space is Anadi, un-created and
ever-existing, so are those five Entities.
Everything that exists
comes from and goes back into this Space. On
Atyantic Pralaya (i.e., Total
Destruction) the entire Existence, the basic particle of matter, and the time,
the passage of which keeps the entire Universe in Existence will shrink into
Non-existence (i.e., Oblivion – singularity); the life principle will also go
in Oblivion state in that Non-existence. That which is beyond, and which is the
source of, Existence and Non-existence both is called the Absolute, AksharBrahm.
For us it
is unfathomable anything can be beyond Existence and Non-Existence both. We may
try to understand it in this way: the Existence means the state in which things
are in their manifest form and exists in time. The Non-Existence (Oblivion)
means the state in which things are in unmanifest (i.e., in seed-form) and the
time has totally ceased to exist, like death at the human level. The Absolute,
that is, AksharBrahm or Chidakash is beyond both, and is the
cause for the both, and being beyond both it is imperishable, as everything
is one there – no space-time nor energy-matter nor Chaitanya-Jad duality – we
may call IT sublime, illumined,
still, alive nothingness.
On Atyantic Pralaya (i.e., on Total
Destruction) the basic principle of Maya
shrinks in seed-form into the Non-Existence (i.e., Oblivion), and on Creation
again comes into being, and it itself proceeds to create various levels of Worlds. On Pralaya the life principle of Jivas
and Ishwaras also shrinks in seed-form
into the Non-Existence, and on Creation again manifest as per their level of
To understand it in modern scientific terms, Prakrut Pralaya may be taken as the phenomena of formation of Black
holes and Supermassive Black holes at the centers of galaxies, wherein numerous
solar systems (stars) disappear. Atyantic Pralaya may be taken as the phenomenon
on a still bigger scale wherein numerous galaxies, nebulas and even universes
disappear, like going into Oblivion.
evolves, one progressively attains the level of consciousness, bliss and
relative immortality (but not the size) of respective GREATER BEINGS. For
example, when man attains a fully developed Astral (Kesdjan) body and control
over the third state of consciousness, he attains the level of consciousness
and bliss of the Earth, and becomes immortal within the limits of the Earth. Like
man, Ishwara also needs to evolve to
reach to their next respective higher level of being in their own way. Below
the level of the Absolute, everything is relative and has degrees.
Jivas and Ishwaras
go into respective oblivion on respective Destructions (i.e., Pralaya), and again manifest on
Creation. They both need to transcend Maya
wholly to attain Brahmi State. Until one reaches the Brahmi State (the spiritual state of the Absolute),
one is not entirely free from the cycle of life and death.
Entities are ever-existing, ever-existing in the sense that on Existence they
exist in manifest form, and on Non-Existence they exist in unmanifest, seed
form, ready to manifest in next cycle of Creation, like, as we are in organic
sleep (i.e., in mini-oblivion state, unaware about our existence as human
being), ready to wake up in the morning to come to our usual existential waking
feel ourselves together with the touch of the space that surrounds us right now,
it connects us with the invisible, the energies of higher Worlds and
the Universe, as it is permeated by the energies of all the Worlds above
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